Friday, February 14, 2020

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT - Essay Example This phase is important for the structural stability and to ensure the safe design implementation and this inspection will also affect the life of the structure because mistakes made at this stage can be corrected on spot but after the facility is complete then the retrofitting would be very difficult and expensive. Then the second phase is the post construction inspection which is done after some time that is 6 months, 1 year and 5 years normally the frequency of the inspection decides its extent, mostly the inspection made after 5 years is far more extensive and detailed than that of which is done after 6 months. This inspection is mostly done by visual monitoring of the facility by professional which inspect the vital areas that are vulnerable to failures and crack propagation. Both the inspection types are extensively vast and hence require a lot of discussion where as at the moment I will only focus on the Post Construction inspection. The key requirements of the inspection woul d be consisting of many aspects the first among them is property identification information which include the location and type of infrastructure facility. Then a detailed study and preliminary visual inspection of various structural systems employed in the building/structure and applicable non-structural components is done. Further progress in the assessment and its requirement includes critical analysis existing condition of the various structural systems, including foundations, bearing walls, framing, columns and beams, floor systems, roof systems, and their connection and construction details. During the assessment and inspection procedures one fact is also to be considered that the Engineers and/or construction specialists conducting the structural assessment should be knowledgeable of the construction methods, materials, load capacities, and design details of the infrastructure facility or structure type being analyzed, as modern structural design approaches will likely not be directly applicable due to the fact that these structures were made quite a long time before and employed primitive construction standards and design methodologies. William Hover (2008).In addition to requirements discuss above there are other as well and which are equally important, significant among these is analysis of the deficiencies, damage, and failures to determine/identify their evident, probable, or possible causes and after these are been highlighted then it is the responsibility that recommendations for corrective measures, design solutions for stabilization and/or repair and maintenance must be made. Then at the end a cost estimate must be made of the repair works and the cost engineering under different scenario must be made which include the recommendation of new construction or choices of retrofitting and localized repairs. Maintenance Management System Then comes the Maintenance Management System(MMS) for a large infrastructure organization, although the system is very extensive and encompasses many fields but the key focus in this discussion would be on infrastructure organizations and their requirements. MMS is a computerized database system which is made to maximize and increase the efficiency of deferred maintenance and capital improvement activities through the organization and its services using standardized procedures to document and prioritize field facility and equipment needs and to

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Functions of the main organs Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Functions of the main organs - Research Paper Example It has the yes for vision .In addition, this bird of prey has a skeleton that is made of tiny bones to support its body and protect internal organs. The owl has a beak that it uses majorly for feeding (Owl Center, n.d). Just like other organisms adapt to their environments for survival, the owl has some specific adaptation that makes it survive in the environments where they live. The first area where the owl has adapted to is hunting at night. Majority if owls are nocturnal and they hunt for food during the night (Owl Center, n.d). They have therefore adapted to see their prey at night, something that some other birds cannot be able to do. The first area of adaption is the owl’s eyesight. The owl’s eyesight is physiologically adapted to the environment to make the animal a good hunter at night. One aspect that makes the owl to have good sight at night is the sunken eyes (Owl Center, n.d). The owl is known to have sunk eyes which are able to collect available light at night and intensify it to make the bird be able to see its preys at night. Even though it does not have perfect vision at night, it can still be able to see its preys in the darkness. The second physiological adaption of the owl that aids good vision even at night is the large eyes. A large section of the owl’s head contains its eyes. The eyes are large and are able to collect maximum light to aid vision even at night. In addition, the eyes of the owl are located close together (Owl Center, n.d). This therefore gives it an overlapping field of view. The eyes are located at the front of its head and not the side and this makes it able to see what is ahead of clearly. Even though the eyes are located close to each other in the front of the bird’s head, it is still able to see round. This is because the owl has a flexible neck that makes it possible for it to turn its head round. This is facilitated by the fourteen vertebrae in the owl’s neck that

Friday, January 24, 2020

Career Biography of Jack Welch Essay -- General Electric Business Mana

Career Biography of Jack Welch Management guru Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, has been instrumental in forming today’s top business management leaders by imparting effective knowledge in leadership management; he is widely credited with transforming GE into a multibillion-dollar conglomerate. I. Jack Welch – Who is the man? A. Biography – 1.Born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1935. a. Growing up – The family lived in one of the poorer neighborhoods of Salem, Massachusetts. Welch has said that his mother was the most important influence on him, cheering him on in sports and academics, and always encouraging him to strive for more b. Schooling – Welch continued to pursue his education at the University of Illinois, with M.S. and PhD degrees in chemical engineering. B. Moving up the Corporate latter in GE II. Leadership Style of Jack Welch A. Strategy – â€Å"Fix it, Sell it, or close it† Jack Welch fired more then 100,000 people (almost one in four). Neutron Jack devised the "vitality curve" where the bottom 10 per cent of employees were challenged to improve or leave. B. Took General Electric from $13 billion in 1981 to more than $300 billion when he left in 2001. Ran GE like a corner shop – keeping an eye on profits, cash flow, and people III. What is he doing now? A. After his retirement in 2001 served as corporate consultant to a group of Fortune 500 companies, all in different industries B. Wrote New York Times best seller â€Å"Straight from the Gut† published in Sept. 2001 Has a new book coming out in 2005 entitled â€Å"Winning† a how-to book with Suzy Wetlaufer, former Harvard Business Review editor and Welch's fiancà ©e. Management Guru Jack Welch - Inspirational Visionary Jack Welch is one of America’s best known and most highly respected corporate CEO’s of all time. Vadim Kotelnikov’s website Leadership and New Management Secrets discusses how Jack Welch’s vision to restructure General Electric to a â€Å"unique learning culture and boundaryless [sic] organization† has help make GE one of the fastest capital growing companies. In the 1980's he was said to be â€Å"the biggest S.O.B.,† but today his management techniques are now credited with empowering the employee (â€Å"Jack Welch Gurus†). Management guru Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, has been instrumental ... ..., â€Å"A How-To Book for the Can-Do Boss,† Business Week, June 2002, 13 Dess, Gregory G., et al. â€Å"The New Corporate Architecture.† vol. 9, The Academy of Management Executive, August 1995, 7 â€Å"Jack Welch The Gurus Boiled Down.† The Times (London, England), September 2004, 9 Kotelnikov, Vadim. Leadership and New Management Secrets. 2004b. Ten3 Business e-coach. 24 November 2004. Rather, Dan, â€Å"GE’s Jack Welch Under Fire,† CBS Evening News Transcript, 1998, 2 Rosenstein, Bruce â€Å"How GE Chief Welch Rallies GE’s Troops,† USA Today, September 1998,15b. Tribune Business News. â€Å"In Boston, former GE chief Jack Welch works on new book with new wife.† The Boston Globe Oct 3, 2004, pITEM04277007 http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?RQT=309&VInst=PROD&VName=PQD&VType=PQD&sid =2&index=5&SrchMode=1&Fmt=3&did=000000706042601&clientId=12441 Welch, John, â€Å"John Welch, Jr.,† Narrative Biographies, American Decades, CD- Rom, Gale Research, 1998, 302 Welch, Jack. Interview with Geoff Colvin. Maryland Public Television and Fortune Trademark of Time, INC. Sept. 13, 2002. 24 Nov 2004. . VBM, â€Å"Thought Leader: Jack Welch,† Value Based Management.Net 2004, Last update 21-11-04 Career Biography of Jack Welch Essay -- General Electric Business Mana Career Biography of Jack Welch Management guru Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, has been instrumental in forming today’s top business management leaders by imparting effective knowledge in leadership management; he is widely credited with transforming GE into a multibillion-dollar conglomerate. I. Jack Welch – Who is the man? A. Biography – 1.Born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1935. a. Growing up – The family lived in one of the poorer neighborhoods of Salem, Massachusetts. Welch has said that his mother was the most important influence on him, cheering him on in sports and academics, and always encouraging him to strive for more b. Schooling – Welch continued to pursue his education at the University of Illinois, with M.S. and PhD degrees in chemical engineering. B. Moving up the Corporate latter in GE II. Leadership Style of Jack Welch A. Strategy – â€Å"Fix it, Sell it, or close it† Jack Welch fired more then 100,000 people (almost one in four). Neutron Jack devised the "vitality curve" where the bottom 10 per cent of employees were challenged to improve or leave. B. Took General Electric from $13 billion in 1981 to more than $300 billion when he left in 2001. Ran GE like a corner shop – keeping an eye on profits, cash flow, and people III. What is he doing now? A. After his retirement in 2001 served as corporate consultant to a group of Fortune 500 companies, all in different industries B. Wrote New York Times best seller â€Å"Straight from the Gut† published in Sept. 2001 Has a new book coming out in 2005 entitled â€Å"Winning† a how-to book with Suzy Wetlaufer, former Harvard Business Review editor and Welch's fiancà ©e. Management Guru Jack Welch - Inspirational Visionary Jack Welch is one of America’s best known and most highly respected corporate CEO’s of all time. Vadim Kotelnikov’s website Leadership and New Management Secrets discusses how Jack Welch’s vision to restructure General Electric to a â€Å"unique learning culture and boundaryless [sic] organization† has help make GE one of the fastest capital growing companies. In the 1980's he was said to be â€Å"the biggest S.O.B.,† but today his management techniques are now credited with empowering the employee (â€Å"Jack Welch Gurus†). Management guru Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, has been instrumental ... ..., â€Å"A How-To Book for the Can-Do Boss,† Business Week, June 2002, 13 Dess, Gregory G., et al. â€Å"The New Corporate Architecture.† vol. 9, The Academy of Management Executive, August 1995, 7 â€Å"Jack Welch The Gurus Boiled Down.† The Times (London, England), September 2004, 9 Kotelnikov, Vadim. Leadership and New Management Secrets. 2004b. Ten3 Business e-coach. 24 November 2004. Rather, Dan, â€Å"GE’s Jack Welch Under Fire,† CBS Evening News Transcript, 1998, 2 Rosenstein, Bruce â€Å"How GE Chief Welch Rallies GE’s Troops,† USA Today, September 1998,15b. Tribune Business News. â€Å"In Boston, former GE chief Jack Welch works on new book with new wife.† The Boston Globe Oct 3, 2004, pITEM04277007 http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?RQT=309&VInst=PROD&VName=PQD&VType=PQD&sid =2&index=5&SrchMode=1&Fmt=3&did=000000706042601&clientId=12441 Welch, John, â€Å"John Welch, Jr.,† Narrative Biographies, American Decades, CD- Rom, Gale Research, 1998, 302 Welch, Jack. Interview with Geoff Colvin. Maryland Public Television and Fortune Trademark of Time, INC. Sept. 13, 2002. 24 Nov 2004. . VBM, â€Å"Thought Leader: Jack Welch,† Value Based Management.Net 2004, Last update 21-11-04

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Malaysian Airlines vs Air Asia

Malaysia Airlines Introduction Malaysia Airlines, the country’s national carrier, was first incorporated as Malayan Airways Limited (MAL) on 12 October 1937. It was a joint initiative of the Ocean Steamship Company of Liverpool, the Straits Steamship of Singapore and Imperial Airways which led to a proposal to the Colonial Straits Settlement government to run an air service between Penang and Singapore. On 2 April 1947, MAL took to the skies with its first commercial flight as the national airline.Fuelled by a young and dynamic team of visionaries, the domestic carrier turned into an international airline in less than a decade. With the formation of Malaysia in 1963, the airline changed its name to Malaysian Airlines Limited. In 1965, with the separation of Singapore from Malaysia, MAL became a bi-national airline and was renamed Malaysia-Singapore Airlines (MSA). However, in 1973, the partners went separate ways. Malaysia introduced Malaysian Airline Limited, which was subseq uently renamed Malaysian Airline System or in short, Malaysia Airlines.Today, Malaysia Airlines flies an average of 43,000 passengers daily to some 100 destinations worldwide and holds a lengthy record of service and best practices excellence. It was the recipient of the inaugural â€Å"World's Best Cabin Staff† award by Skytrax,UK in 2001 and continued to retain this title for 2002-2004, 2007 and 2009 – the most for any airline. In 2010, Malaysia Airlines was recognised as the ‘World's Leading Airline to Asia’, ‘Asia's Leading Airline’ and ‘Asia's Leading Business Class Airline’ by World Travel Awards (WTA). This year, WTA honoured Malaysia Airlines as ‘Asia's Leading Airline’ and ‘Asia's Leading Airline Lounge’.The national carrier's engineering subsidiary, Malaysian Aerospace Engineering (MAE), has also been acknowledged as the top airline affiliated Maintenance and Repair Organisation (MRO) in the wor ld by Aviation Week's Overhaul & Maintenance magazine. Its current fleet includes Boeing 747-400, B777-200, Airbus 330-300, Airbus 330-200, Boeing 737-800 and Boeing 737-400. By the second quarter of 2012, Malaysia Airlines will also join the league of the Airbus A380 operators, when the first of the six aircraft ordered enters into service. The national carrier will be the eighth airline in the world to operate this biggest commercial aircraft.Malaysia Airlines is set to join oneworld by end of 2012, adding one of aviation's most frequent award winners to the world leading quality airline alliance. When it becomes part of oneworld, its customer will gain access to the alliance's truly global network. It will expand oneworld's global coverage to almost 950 destinations in 150 countries, served by a combined fleet of more than 2,600 aircrafts operating some 10,000 flights a day. AirAsia Introduction AirAsia is a Malaysian-based low-cost airline. AirAsia is Asia's largest low-fare, no -frills airline and a pioneer of low-cost travel in Asia.AirAsia was established in 1993 and began operations on 18 November 1996. It was originally founded by a government-owned conglomerate, DRB-Hicom. On 2 December 2001 the heavily-indebted airline was bought by former Time Warner executive Tony Fernandes's company Tune Air Sdn Bhd for the token sum of one ringgit with USD 11 million worth of debts. Fernandes turned the company around, producing a profit in 2002 and launching new routes from its hub in Kuala Lumpur, undercutting former monopoly operator Malaysia Airlines with promotional fares as low as MYR 1.In 2003, AirAsia opened a second hub at Senai International Airport in Johor Bahru near Singapore and launched its first international flight to Bangkok. AirAsia has since started a Thai subsidiary, added Singapore itself to the destination list, and started flights to Indonesia. Flights to Macau began in June 2004, and flights to mainland China (Xiamen) and the Philippines (Manila) in April 2005. Flights to Vietnam and Cambodia followed later in 2005 and to Brunei and Myanmar in 2006, the latter by Thai AirAsia.On August 2006, AirAsia took over Malaysia Airlines's Rural Air Service routes in Sabah and Sarawak, operating under the FlyAsianXpress brand. The routes were subsequently returned to MASwings a year later, citing commercial reasons. Qualitative characteristics Qualitative characteristics of accounting information refer to the characteristics that must be present in the accounting information to make it useful. These characteristics are divided into two categories; primary and secondary qualities. primary qualities The primary qualities of accounting information are relevant and reliability. a) Relevant In everyday terms, we might describe relevant as important or being related. In accounting, relevant is described as something that makes a difference in arriving at a decision. In other words, something is said to be relevant if it influences o r affects the decision being made. The extent to which information is considered relevant depends on its importance in decision making and may differ between one decision maker to another. Information that is relevant to you might not be relevant to another person and vice versa.To become relevant, the information must have three characteristics, namely feedback value, forecast value and timeliness. (i) Feedback Value Relevant information must be able to assist users in substantiating or correcting early expectations matters at hand. (ii) Forecast Value Relevant information must be able to assist users in forecasting. (iii) Timeliness Relevant information must be obtained before it becomes obsolete or unusable. (b) Reliability Reliability means that users can rely or depend on the said information to make good decisions.This characteristic is important because users might not have the time or expertise to evaluate some information. Generally, users simply depend on the information p resented by the related entity and assume it to be true. This information is then used in decision making. Reliability does not mean that the said information must be precise. This is because in accounting there are a lot of information that involves estimation and approximation that might not be precise. What is important is that the estimation and approximation made must be reliable.Reliable information must have the following characteristics: (i) Verifiable This means that the accounting information could be verified objectively by another person using the same method. (ii) Objective Objective in this case means that the information is not biased. Information contained in the financial statements must be able to fulfil the requirements of various users and not concentrating on certain groups only. (iii) Trustworthy Information presented is based on the actual result of economic activities using specified methods. secondary qualities. The secondary qualities are comparability and consistency. c) Comparability Comparability means that the information can be compared whether among companies, industries or different periods. This will enable users to identify the similarities or differences that might exist in the said information. This characteristic is important because information that can be compared is more useful. (d) Consistency Consistency means that an entity must use the same accounting procedures in every period. It is for the purpose of enabling comparison to be made more effectively. In other words, a company cannot change their accounting procedure every year.This does not mean that the company cannot change the accounting procedure at all. Changes can still be made, but the company must make complete disclosure in the financial statement to explain to the users why they are making the changes and the effect of the changes towards the financial statements. In summary, accounting information is only useful if it has relevant, reliability, comparabi lity and consistency qualities. Statement Of Comprehensive Income Referring to the Annual reports for the year 2010 and 2011 it shows Air Asia gained a revenue of RM 4,495 Million for the year 2011 as compared to RM 3,948 Million for the year 2010.There was an increase of 547 Million, However, the net profit of the company after tax have shrunk down from RM 1,061 Million in 2010 to RM 555 Million Therefore, The company’s profit after tax have reduced by RM 506 Million. Malaysian Airlines gained revenue of RM 13,901 Million for the year 2011 as compared to RM 13,585 Million for the year 2010. There was an increase of 316 Million, However, company is facing a big loss after tax for the two years A loss of RM 237. 3 Million in 2010 to a loss of RM 2,521. Million in 2011 Therefore, with this information available the investors can see that Air Asia is having a good profit after tax but Malaysian airlines is in big loss after tax. Statement of Financial Position Total asset of Air Asia as on 2010 is RM 13,240 Million and got increased to RM 13,906 Million in 2011. Malaysian Airlines had a total asset of RM 613,639 Million in 2010 and increased to RM 815,468 Million. Statement Of Cash Flows One of the important point investor should look for when investing in a potential company is the company’s ability to produce cash.Just a pointer it is not necessary for a company that shows a profit in an income statement does not mean that it cannot get into problems later because of insufficient cash flow According to the Statement of Cash Flows in the annual report of Air Asia, The cash flow from operating activities is RM 1594 million in the year 2010 and RM 1404 Million in the year 2011 The cash flow from investing activities is RM 1868 Million in the year 2010 and RM 487 Million in the year 2011 The cash flow from financing activities is RM 1031 Million in the year 2010 and RM 300 Million in the year 2011 The net cash flow for the year 2010 is RM 757 million and RM 617 Million for the year 2011.According to the Statement of Cash Flows in the annual report of Malaysian Airlines, The cash flow from operating activities is RM 105. 5 million in the year 2010 and RM 960 Million in the year 2011 The cash flow from investing activities is RM 3362. 6 Million in the year 2010 and RM 1341. 6 Million in the year 2011 The cash flow from financing activities is RM 2922. 4 Million in the year 2010 and RM 1310. 4 Million in the year 2011 The net cash flow for the year 2010 is RM 1851 million and RM 860 Million for the year 2011. Statement of Changes in Equity The statement of changes in equity represents a company profit or loss for an accounting period.The items of income and expense which is recorded in the Statement of Comprehensive Income for the period, the effects of changes in accounting policies and corrections of error recognised in the period, and the amounts of investments by, and dividends and other distributions to, equity investors durin g the period. (didn’t find much info) ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION RELEVANCE Information relevance refers to the feedback value, forecast value and timelines. If the net income and its components confirm investor expectations about future cash-generating ability, then the net income has feedback value for investors. This confirmation can also be useful in predicting future cash-generating ability as expectations are revised. For information to be relevant, it needs to be predictable. By looking at the data, forecast can be made whether income will be acquired. The last characteristic is timelines.To be relevant, the data should be up to date not outdated. The annual report of both Air Asia And Malaysian Airlines is available in their official website. There, they have an archive that lets you download the annual report according to year.. ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION RELIABILITY Sometimes, the information given by the organization is the only data that the user depends on. This cou ld be because of lack of knowledge to assess the information and lack of time to do so. In this case, the user must make sure the information given can be relied upon. To assess reliability, we have to think about three matters which are verifiable, objective and trustworthy.Verifiable means that the information can be validated by someone else. Both Air Asia and Malaysian Airlines annual report can be downloaded by everyone who owns a laptop or desktop. That means that the information can be verified by everyone else. From the 2009 annual income to the the 2010 net profit, it can be checked by everyone else. It is important to get someone who knows what to look for to validate the information for you. Without their validation, decision making can be hard to do. Make a conclusion that air asia is having a good profit but Malaysian airlines is going with heavy loss So its safe to invest with air asia than with Malaysian airlines

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

How the Dow Jones Industrial Average Is Calculated

If you read the newspaper, listen to the radio, or watch the nightly news on television, you have probably heard about what happened in the market today. Its all fine and good that the Dow Jones finished up 35 points to close at 8738, but what does that really mean? What Is  the Dow? The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJI), commonly just referred to as simply The Dow, is an average of the price of 30 different stocks. The stocks represent 30 of the largest and most widely publicly traded stocks in the United States. The index measures how these companies stocks have traded over the course of a standard trading session in the stock market. It is the second-oldest and one of the most referenced stock market index in the United States.  The Dow Jones Corporation, the administrators of the index, modifies the stocks being tracked in the index from time to time to best reflect the largest and most widely traded stocks of the day. The Stocks of the Dow Jones Industrial Average As of April 2019, the following 30 stocks were constituents of the Dow Jones Industrial Average index: Company Symbol Industry 3M MMM Conglomerate American Express AXP Consumer Finance Apple AAPL Consumer Electronics Boeing BA Aerospace and Defense Caterpillar CAT Construction and Mining Equipment Chevron CVX Oil and Gas Cisco Systems CSCO Computer Networking Coca-Cola KO Beverages Dow Inc. DOW Chemical Industry ExxonMobil XOM Oil and Gas Goldman Sachs GS Banking and Financial Services The Home Depot HD Home Improvement Retailer IBM IBM Computers and Technology Intel INTC Semiconductors Johnson Johnson JNJ Pharmaceuticals JPMorgan Chase JPM Banking McDonald's MCD Fast Food Merck MRK Pharmaceuticals Microsoft MSFT Consumer Electronics Nike NKE Apparel Pfizer PFE Pharmaceuticals Procter Gamble PG Consumer Goods Travelers TRV Insurance UnitedHealth Group UNH Managed Healthcare United Technologies UTX Conglomerate Verizon VZ Telecommunication Visa V Consumer Banking Walmart WMT Retail Walgreens Boots Alliance WBA Retail Walt Disney DIS Broadcasting and Entertainment How the Dow Is Calculated The Dow Jones Industrial Average is price-averaged meaning that it is computed by taking the average price of the 30 stocks that comprise the index and dividing that figure by a number called the divisor. The divisor is there to take into account stock splits and mergers which also makes the Dow a scaled average. If the Dow werent calculated as a scaled average, the index would decrease whenever a stock split took place. To illustrate this, suppose a stock on the index worth $100 splits is split or divided into two stocks each worth $50. If the administrators did not take into account that there are twice as many shares in that company as before, the DJI would be $50 lower than before the stock split because one share is now worth $50 instead of $100. The Dow Divisor The divisor is determined by weights placed on all the stocks (due to these mergers and acquisitions) and as a result, it changes quite often. For example, on November 22, 2002, the divisor was equal to 0.14585278, but as of September 22, 2015, the divisor is equal to 0.14967727343149.   What this means is that if you took the average cost of each of these 30 stocks on September 22, 2015, and divided this number by the divisor 0.14967727343149, youd get the closing value of the DJI on that date, which was 16330.47. You can also use this divisor to see how an individual stock influences the average. Because of the formula used by the Dow, a one point increase or decrease by any stock will have the same effect, which is not the case for all indices. Dow Jones Industrial Average Summary So the Dow Jones number you hear on the news each night is simply this weighted average of stock prices. Because of this, the Dow Jones Industrial Average should just be considered a price in itself. When you hear that the Dow Jones went up 35 points, it just means that to buy these stocks (taking into account the divisor) at 4:00 p.m. EST that day (the closing time of the market), it would have cost $35 more than it would have cost to buy the stocks the day before at the same time.

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

The Comparison and Contrast of Developmental Theories...

The Comparison and Contrast of Developmental Theories Nichole Spiller PSY 104: Child and Adolescent Development Instructor: Sonja Bethune Monday, May 21, 2012 Throughout time the development of psychology has had many different theorists but I would like to explore these three particular theories. * Erik Erikson’s – Stages of Psychosocial Development * Lev Vygotsky’s – Sociocultural Theory * Jean Piagets’s – Stage of Cognitive Development The three theories I have chosen to discuss are all extremely relevant ideas; although I prefer Erik Erikson’s stage of psychosocial development. Erik Erikson’s theory covers a person’s entire lifespan showing the many different stages throughout one’s life. A person is always†¦show more content†¦During this time the explorations are being done and they are basing their possibilities on them. When this is discouraged it causes confusion of themselves and their role in society. * Intimacy Versus Isolation (18-40 years) – Courting, early parenthood. During this stage one is still exploring into young adulthood and beginning to be more intimate with others. Individuals begin to have relationships with longer commitment with others besides family members. When this stage is successful a person feels a sense of safety and ability to commit in a relationship. If this stage is not accomplished they tend to fear commitment which can lead to loneliness, isolation or depression. * Generativity Versus Stagnation (30-65 years) – Middle age, parenting. During this stage of life one establishes their place in the workplace, makes a commitment in a relationship, start families of their own and can now see the bigger picture of life. We continue the cycle of life by raising our children, working in our community and being involved in activities and organizations. When one fails this stage they become depressed and feel like their unproductive within their society. * Ego Integrity Versus Despair (50+ years) – Old age, grandparents. 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The nurture theory, known as the behaviourism theory, tells us that babies learn all of their behaviours and thatRead MoreThe Behavioral Perspective Of Human Development1327 Words   |  6 PagesHuman development is a process that occurs throughout the lifespan, and lifespan development theories offer frameworks for which to understand human growth. Different approaches focus on specific aspects of human life to determine which has the most significant influence on development. However, one theory usually does not account for all variables of human growth so more than one perspective may be used to analyze development. Two such perspectives, the behavioral and the contextual, explain development

Monday, December 23, 2019

Diversity and Cultural Competence in Family Therapy Essay

Diversity and Cultural Competence in Family Therapy A therapist will face problems, issues and client troubles everyday. The professional must understand how their client relates to the world around them. These feelings and ideas affect how the client sees the problem and how they respond to their situation. Their actions, in turn, have bearing on individual thoughts, needs, and emotions. The therapist must be aware of the clients history, values, and culture in order to provide effective therapy. This paper will outline and provide information as to the importance of cultural competence and diversity in family therapy. What is Cultural Competence? Culture can be defined as behaviors exhibited by certain racial,†¦show more content†¦Within the Asian culture, people do not openly display their feelings or emotions toward others. The reason for this would be due to what they call the â€Å"protective front, or a public mask, which is used to meet their political expectations (Shiraev Levy, 2010). When examining other cultures, a therapist must take into account the individual’s beliefs. An example of this is Japan’s respect for history and spiritual practice. Their practice is not shared as strictly in American culture, where many families do not practice religion or husband and wife may be of different religion and allow children to make their own spiritual decisions. Why is it Important? Cultural competency aids in closing the â€Å"disparities gap† in health care. (OMH, 2012, para. 2) In doing so, health professionals and their clients are better able to discuss concerns without cultural differences getting in the way of effective communication and problem solving. Being respectful of and sensitive to the client’s health beliefs, culture, values, and diverse needs can bring positive outcomes within treatment and patient care. After all, is it not the main job of the health care provider to ensure patient trust? Open forms of communication when dealing with client issues can only be provided if the patient is comfortable with his provider and believes hisShow MoreRelatedEthics And Standards For Professional Psychology1264 Words   |  6 PagesTheistic therapy. Religion and Spirituality is best used in therapy when â€Å"Psychologists are aware of and respect cultural, individual, and role differences, including those based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status and consider these factors when working with members of such groups.† ( APA, 2002, p. 4)† (Plante, Four Steps to Improve Religious/Spiritual Cultural Competence in ProfessionalRead MoreEssay On Diverse Organizations1448 Words   |  6 PagesFlorida. They served adolescents from ages 2 to 17 years old. This facility is the only extensive center in Voulsia and Flagler counties that provide services for children dealing with emotional and behavioral problems. They offer inpatient, outpatient therapy, day treatment, and medication management as well as case management services. At Halifax Behavioral, they cannot turn any child away. They have a process that is called screening, that is when a parent or guardian bring in their child free of chargeRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography : Supervision And Staff Development1750 Words    |  7 Pages Oriana Golfarini March 8th, 2016 Introduction: Multicultural according to dictionary.com â€Å"representing several different cultures or cultural elements.† Multiculturalism is vital in the social work profession and especially in supervision because everyone involved (supervisor, supervisee, and client) cultural backgrounds and assumptions are taken into account. Creating a space for multicultural supervision allows for everyone to learn from each other. Multicultural supervisionRead MoreComplementary And Alternative Medicine Cancer Patients Opt For And The Role Of Nursing Case Managers1422 Words   |  6 Pageschemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Because most of these treatments can take a toll on the body and sometimes do more harm than good, some cancer patients are opting for alternative or complementary medicine. Within this paper I will be discussing the topic of complementary and alternative medicine cancer patients opt for and the role of nursing case managers. According to the Mayo Clinic, â€Å"complementary therapy health and wellness therapies that have typically notRead MoreObsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd )1260 Words   |  6 Pagesaims to clearly outline a theoretical conceptualization, detailed treatment plan and detailed response(s) to case personalize clarification questions. Identifying information Dilip was an 8 year old male of Indian descent. His father had moved the family to America to complete a residency in internal medicine. Dilip attended private school and had two older siblings, ages 13 (female) and 15 (male). Dilip’s mother was a full time homemaker. Presenting Problem While Dilip was an anxious childe, heRead MoreMajor Categories Of Direct Practice1306 Words   |  6 Pagesare theories that belief that reality is subjective in nature and open to multiple interpretations influenced by personal experiences and values along with the social and political norms. Within the postmodern theories is narrative therapy and solution-focused therapy. I would say that I use the solution-focused mindset most often when working with clients. The problems are identified by the client, the Department of Child Services, myself, and the NCFAS assessment tool then we work together to solveRead MoreCultural Competence And Its Diversity1380 Words   |  6 PagesCultural Competence BY: Nardos, Carmen, and Mona Cultural Competence Is the ability to apply knowledge and skills needed to provide high-quality, evidence-based care to clients of diverse backgrounds and beliefs to overcome barriers and access resources promoting health and wellness (Pearson, p.1640,2015) Characteristics of Cultural Competence are Valuing Diversity Cultural Self-Assessment Cultural Awareness Cultural Knowledge Cultural Adaptability Valuing Diversity Diversity refers to an arrayRead MoreCultural Sensitivity And The Therapeutic Relationship1361 Words   |  6 PagesCultural Sensitivity and the Therapeutic Relationship The evolution of the human being is constant and multidimensional. We are always shifting, as individuals and as a society, quickly or slowly, biologically, emotionally, mentally and spiritually. The differences among us create a mosaic-like society, rich in diversity and culture. Arnold and Boggs (2016) define culture as a complex social concept, which encompasses socially transmitted communication styles, family customs, political systems, andRead MoreEssay on The Law on Transfusion of Blood to Patients545 Words   |  3 Pagespatient’s cultural or religious beliefs. The nurse might never be clear of the right path of action when a life-saving situation of blood transfusion is being declined. For sure, clinicians will not be certain about which authority or policies to fulfill first (Wilson, 2005). Consequently, the stance of the issue is to stability the religious desires of the patient and family against the clinical requirement for a needed blood transfusion. Being in the occurrence of patient and family oppositionRead MoreDiversity in Healthcare1335 Words   |  6 PagesDiversity in Healthcare Have you ever been to the doctor and dont quite understand what the provider is telling you, or are you a healthcare worker and you dont understand your patients? Should the healthcare provider get diversity training or should they maybe learn new languages? More than ever before, healthcare professionals are subjected to dealing with a number of immense and different cultural diversities. While diversity is often a term used to refer specifically to cultural differences